History

800 years. That’s how long the history of Berlin has spanned. The capital city of Germany is a metropolis which melds hints of the past while providing glimpses of the future.

History of Berlin: Key Dates in the City’s Past

Here you can read some of the key dates of the city’s past which are worth recalling:
The 1300s
– During this century a couple of neighboring towns involved in trading, Berlin and Coelln, joined forces to form a district called Mitte or <em>center</em>.
1709
Prussian “Soldier King” Frederick William I developed the city and made Berlin the capital.
1806
– During this year there was a Napoleonic occupation of Berlin. This led to the creation of a powerful liberal reform movement.
1871
– William I became the emperor of the Second German Reich and Berlin its capital.
1920’s
– After World War I, Berlin became a center for arts and entertainment. It has also established itself as a force to reckon with in industrial manufacturing. During the Nazi era, Berlin remained the capital of Germany.

A Glimpse of Berlin’s Dark History

The period after World War I was the ‘highlight’ of Berlin’s dark history. Under the Nazi rule, more than 60,000 Berlin Jews died during the Holocaust.  This comprised nearly half of the city’s population back then.  Aside from those who died, thousands of others fled from the Country.

After World War II, Berlin emerged as being a city comprised of no more than a rubble with only half of the population left. Some people still remember how the Potsdam Agreement divided the city into four parts. The Allies (the United States, Britain, France and USSR) ruled each one of them.

In 1961, they built the Berlin Wall to prevent East Berliners from fleeing to the western part of the city.
Finally, in 1989, the fall of the Berlin Wall occurred. Anyway, the city that the current generation of Berliners know today is still a work in progress